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Now we can take a look at the Istanbul view for Hagia Sophia and Topkapi Palace. Wonder details? Then you can read our amazing historical information article about the Istanbul city.
Istanbul New Airport Transfer and Places to see in Istanbul
The second world famous sight in Istanbul is the Hagia Sophia. It was built in the 6th century AD as a dome basilica by the Roman Emperor Justinian. After the Ottomans conquered Byzantium, they turned the church into a mosque. Since 1935, the Hagia Sophia is a secular building and is used as a museum.
The imposing structure is just 500 meters away from the Blue Mosque and dominates the skyline of Istanbul with it. Inside the former mosque you will find today traces of both Byzantine and Ottoman usage. Thus, the character and the long history of the sacred building between the different religions should be made visible to all.
The Topkapi Palace was built from about 1459 on the headland between Golden Horn and Marmara Sea. It served for centuries as a residential and government seat for the Sultans and was the administrative seat of the Ottoman Empire.
Overall, the mighty complex has four courtyards and is used as a museum. It received its present appearance at the beginning of the 18th century. In total, the Topkapi Palace covers an area of 69 hectares, including buildings and gardens. Once upon a time, around 5,000 people were living here, in the Topkapi Palace.
Since 1923 the Topkapi Palace has been used as a museum. You can see porcelain collections, manuscripts, portraits, jewels and robes as well as weapons from the Ottoman Empire. You will also find here the Islamic relics, such as the weapons of Mohammed, one of the oldest Koranic specimens and also the hairs of the Prophet Muhammad.